On February 22, 1913, after a brief military rebellion in Mexico City, the federal General Victoriano Huerta, with the encouragement and complicity of the United States ambassador Henry Lane Wilson, had Francisco I. Madero assasinated and assumed the presidency of Mexico himself. Upon hearing of Madero’s death, the governor of the northern border state of Coahuila, Venustiano Carranza, declared Huerta’s presidency infamous and illegitimate and put himself at the head of a movement to restore constitutional government. Carranza was quickly joined by the government of the border state of Sonora, and the whole north of the country rose up in arms against the usurper Huerta in Mexico City. Francisco Villa, only recently escaped from his Mexico City jail cell, crossed the Rio Grande from his temporary refuge in Texas with eight men in March 1913 and quickly took over control of Chihuahua. Thousands and thousands of former maderistas streamed down out of their mountain hideouts to join Villa as he began what was to become the decisive march down the middle of the country to drive Huerta out of Mexico City.
Benjamín Argumedo and his desperately loyal band of horsemen, perhaps haunted by the odor of villista blood still clinging to their hands from the battles of the year before between orozquistas andmaderistas, lost no time in enrolling as irregular cavalry with General Huerta’s federales. When Villa’s suddenly awesome División del Norte rolled down the railroad line towards Torreón in 1913, it was Argumedo’s cavalry, fighting a cruel and seemingly interminable rear guard action, that repeatedly threw back the advancing villistas with incredibly fierce and abandoned charges. “El Tigre de la Laguna” and his valientes seemingly relished the chance to throw themselves against their recent adversaries–and former comrades in arms–, Villa’s own most hardened horsemen under the command of his oldcompadre from back in his pre-revolutionary days as cattle rustler and “road agent” specializing in “liberating” well-guarded mine payrolls: Tomás Urbina.
The corridistas celebrated these bloody cavalry skirmishes in typical fashion, reducing a great deal of narrative material into what John H. McDowell (“The Mexican Corrido” 216-19) calls a “speech event” or “verbal exchange”.
This colonial city was founded on September 8, 1546 when a small group of Spaniards led by Juan de Tolosa, discovered in the vicinity important mineral deposits. In the beginning it was known as ” mines of Zacatecas ” and in 1585 they were granted by royal decree the titles of Very Noble and Loyal City of Our Lady of Zacatecas, as well as its coat of arms .
Con el movimiento revolucionario de 1910, Zacatecas fue protagonista y centro de atención de atención nacional, cuando en 1914 la ciudad fue tomada por las tropas de Pancho Villa, en la batalla conocida como “La toma de Zacatecas”.
Esta ciudad colonial fue fundada un 8 de Septiembre de 1546 cuando un reducido grupo de españoles, encabezados por Juan de Tolosa, descubren en las cercanías importantes yacimientos minerales. En sus inicios fue conocida como “minas de Zacatecas” y en 1585 le fueron concedidas por cédula real los títulos de Muy Noble y Leal Ciudad de Nuestra Señora de los Zacatecas, así como su escudo de armas.